in 1827 by Hamilton Hume, in honour of Governor Brisbanes
private secretary, William
Lithgow Valley's first European settlers arrived in 1824. By 1860,
only four more families had followed Scotsman Andrew Brown
and settled in the valley. It was not until the western
was constructed to Lithgow, in 1869, that the town prospered.
commenced the valley's first commercial coal mine. The Zig
an engineering feat, was completed in 1869, allowing the descent of
trains into the valley. A combination of vast coal reserves and the
rail service meant Lithgow provided an ideal location for industries
dependent on these resources.
established the iron industry in 1875 when he erected a blast
manufacture pig iron. By 1900 Lithgow
had produced the first steel manufactured
in Australia. Copper
smelting, breweries, brickworks,
pipe and pottery
works followed. Meat refrigeration was also established by Thomas
1875. The first Australian chilled meat from Lithgow arrived in
England in 1880.
The decline of Lithgow's industrial
heyday made way for light industry after World War II. In the late
1950s, a power generating plant was built at Wallerawang paving
the way for Lithgows role in the clean and efficient
production of energy.
today is shaped by a colourful history, challenged by ongoing
technological and cultural development and, most importantly,
surrounded by nature.